Choosing the Perfect Diamond

Whether you’re about to pop the question, celebrate a special occasion, or give a perfect ‘just because’ gift to a loved one; there is no such thing as knowing too much. You want a stone that will convey your feelings, and symbolize an all-encompassing reminder of a significant person in your life—and with so much variety to choose from, finding the ideal diamond for you has never been easier.

Our diamond experts, here at Privosa, want you to have substantial knowledge in order to make your selection with confidence. We’ve compiled all our expertise into a convenient, easy-to-read format. From a diamonds shape, size, quality, cut, and more. This guide will teach you everything there is to know about choosing the perfect diamond.

4 C’s

4 C’s

Introduced in the middle of the 20th century by the Gemological Institute of America, the 4 C’s were created to understand, and better grade the quality and brilliance of diamonds around the world. When you understand the 4 C’s, you understand the language of diamond experts.

Cut

Cut

Perhaps one of the most important characteristics of a diamond; the cut lends to a diamonds brilliance, other wise known as the “sparkle” factor.An objective grade is given to the diamond and refers to a diamond’s light performance. The scale that grades a diamond on its cut ranges from Excellent to Poor. There are three variances that affect a diamond’s brilliance.

  1. If the cut is too shallow, light will pass through the bottom and will not reflect.
  2. Too deep, and the light will escape through the sides before it has the chance to reflect upwards.
  3. A perfect cute diamond reflects from once facet of the diamond to another, ultimately culminating to a beautiful dispersal of light through the top of the diamond.

Diamond experts always value the cut above the other factors, but to truly purchase a beautiful diamond, you must find the perfect balance between all characteristics.

Clarity

Clarity

Since the diamonds at Privosa are natural, and not lab made, the stones we sell have natural occurring imperfections. Completely flawless diamonds are the most rare of all, and because of that are the most costly. Natural, or man-made flaws are called inclusions, and can range from scratches, to cracks, to dark dots within, or near the surface of the stone. The international grading scale is listed below with the assigned characteristics.

  • FL - Flawless - No inclusions and no blemishes visible at 10x magnification. Extremely rare, and expensive.
  • IF - Internally Flawless – No inclusions are visible, but blemishes left behind by the polishing, or cutting process are present. An excellent quality for a diamond.
  • VVS1 & VVS2 – Very, Very Slightly Included – Inclusion so slight, or minor that they are difficult even for an experienced diamond grader to notice at 10x magnification.
  • VS1 & VS2 – Very Slightly Included – Incusions can be observed with some effort and are considered minor. A great value for a diamond.
  • SI1 & SI2 – Slightly Included – Inclusions are noticeable under 10x magnification.
  • I1, I2 & I3 – Included – Inclusions are obvious under 10x magnification and can affect the transparency and brilliance of the diamond.

When purchasing a diamond, experts will typically choose diamonds that do not have inclusions visible to the eye. This is a great way to compromise so you can stay in your budget, and not sacrifice on the quality of your stone.

Color

Color

Measuring a diamond based on color, is essentially grading the stone on the absence of any changes in hue or shade. Like a drop of pure water, the clearest stones have the highest value, and are the most expensive. The scale that grades a diamond based on it’s color starts with the letter D, which represents colorless diamonds, and continues on until the letter Z, which shows the most presence of color in a diamond.

For those looking for a diamond with clear characteristics, but looking to stay within a budget, and compromise for quality, it is suggested to stay between G-I for the best value.

Further Scrutiny

Carat Weight

The simplest measure of a diamond, it is one of the characteristics of measuring a diamond that is not objective. Carat weight is a measure of the weight of a diamond: 1 carat equals 200 milligrams.

Choosing a diamond based on the carat weight alone will not guarantee that you are getting the best quality diamond. Instead when choosing based on carat weight, also consider two other factors: 1) The cute of the diamond and 2) The distance across the top of the diamond.

Those looking for a quality diamond, but looking to remain within a budget should first choose characteristics of their selection in this order: Cut, Clarity, and Color. Once those have been decided, you can choose a diamond based on carat weight to remain in your budget while still having the best quality diamond.

Further Scrutiny

Further Scrutiny

There are more characteristics to consider when choosing your perfect diamond. The first of them being shape. Shape refers to the appearance of a diamond in reference to its cut as viewed from the top. Two of the most common shapes for a diamond to take are the Princess, and Round cut.

Shape is integral for those choosing the perfect diamond, and Privosa offers a variety of shapes including: Princess, Round, Emerald, Heart, Pear, Marquise, Cushion, Radiant, Oval and Square shaped.